Most women eventually accept their sexuality. Some of them do so as teenagers or even young adults, but most begin the process as adults. It often takes a while, and may include divorces from men put off by sexual enthusiasm. In some cases, sex-positive parents or friends may help the process.

Sexual Dysfunction in Women
Sexual Dysfunction in Women


Women’s sexual dysfunction has a wide range of symptoms. Depending on the phase of sexual function that is impaired, these symptoms vary. It is important to identify which symptoms are most troubling to you. For example, a woman who has low orgasm may have difficulties arousing and maintaining sexual interest. Women who are not able to maintain orgasm for at least four hours after sexual stimulation should seek medical attention.

There are many physical and psychological causes of sexual dysfunction. Some symptoms include pain during intercourse, painful or involuntary contractions around the vagina, and low libido. These can be caused by physical illnesses, hormonal changes, and societal expectations. Sexual dysfunction can also be caused by emotional problems and relationship problems. A medical professional can determine the specific cause of the problem and recommend the proper treatment.

Another cause of decreased sex desire is low estrogen levels. This hormone makes sex painful and can cause vaginal atrophy. Low estrogen levels may be due to recent childbirth or menopause. Another cause is pelvic organ prolapse, a condition in which the pelvic organs fall into the vagina. Sexual pain can also be a result of pelvic floor dysfunction, including muscles that have been injured. This condition may occur after childbirth, pregnancy, or surgery.

If you are a woman who suffers from sexual dysfunction, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible. Your health care provider will ask you some personal questions and perform a thorough pelvic examination to identify the source of your pain. The doctor will attempt to do the examination in a gentle, non-intrusive way, and explain the procedure to you in detail. The doctor may use a mirror to help you relax or even place a hand on your vagina to help you feel more at ease.


Sexual dysfunction in women is a complex issue, with numerous causes. Some are physical, while others are psychological. Physical causes include diseases such as diabetes and cancer, and others are due to mental health issues like substance abuse, depression, and anxiety. Many women also suffer from low self-esteem, which can negatively affect their desire and ability to have sex.

Regardless of the cause, women should discuss the symptoms and any underlying physical conditions with their healthcare providers. Discussing the emotional and psychological factors can help them develop a treatment plan. Physical tests can help identify the underlying condition, and the healthcare provider can refer the patient to a specialist or mental health provider if necessary.

Menopause is a transitional period for women that often causes a loss of sexual desire and difficulty with sexual function. Symptoms include vaginal dryness and decreased libido. Menopause can also affect an individual’s ability to achieve orgasm. Stress can also lower a woman’s sex drive, reducing her sexual desire.

Other factors that affect a woman’s sex life include hormonal medications. While some of these medications are effective in reducing or eliminating sexual dysfunction, some have mixed results. Many of these medications can actually make sexual dysfunction worse. Surgical treatments may also affect a woman’s response to sex.


Sexual dysfunction in women is a common problem and can be treated. However, the problem can be frustrating and isolating. For that reason, it is important to consult with a medical professional to rule out underlying medical conditions. If that is not an option, you can see a sex therapist.

Understanding the causes and symptoms of sexual dysfunction in women is essential to effective treatment. The most common problem is low sex drive. Another common complaint is pain during intercourse. These symptoms can be a sign of sexual dysfunction in women of all ages, but they are often present when women’s hormones are imbalanced or in flux.

A complete history and physical exam are necessary for proper diagnosis of sexual pain in women. Symptoms may include pain at the vulva, pain with penetration, or tightness of the pelvic musculature. A complete medical history should be obtained to rule out other medical conditions, including mood disorders. A standard sexual function survey is also essential. In addition, a vulvoscopy may be performed to document skin changes. The physical examination should also include an assessment of the pelvic muscles and clitoris.

Another option for women experiencing low sex drive is hormone therapy. Some antidepressants can cause sexual dysfunction. However, these drugs can be managed by lowering the dose or switching to a different drug. In some cases, a prolactin level test is necessary.